Brominated vegetable oil

Triglycerides, predominantly comprised of seed-oil based fatty acids, that have been bonded with the element bromine. Brominated vegetable oil (BVO) has been used by the soft drink industry, since 1931, as an emulsifier preventing separation of citrus-flavoring in soft drinks.

Some countries including the United States and Canada allow the use BVO in soft drinks. However, due to the possible risks associated with excessive soft drink consumption, including bromism and other suspected health complications, the European Union, Japan and India have ban its use as a food additive. Alternative to BVO in the soft drink industry include sucrose acetate isobutyrate and glycerol ester of wood rosin (ester gum).

See https://postmodern.life/glossary/brominated-vegetable-oil/.

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